From the Province of Alberta
Building schools for the future
Following through on its commitment to continue building new schools, the province has announced 25 new school projects.
The Budget 2019 capital plan supports 15 new schools, including brand new high schools in Calgary, Edmonton, Leduc, Blackfalds and Langdon. Six schools are slated for replacement and four will receive modernization or additions. Together, the 25 projects will receive $397 million.
“We made a promise to Albertans that our government will continue to build new schools, and we are doing exactly that. Through our significant investment in new schools, replacements, modernizations and infrastructure upkeep, our children will continue to learn in up-to-date and safe spaces. This will result in better success in our classrooms. The future is bright for Alberta students.”
“These 25 projects confirm our government’s commitment to continue to build schools across the province. Alberta Infrastructure will continue to deliver key infrastructure projects to build prosperity for Albertans.”
Budget 2019 also includes $1.4 billion over four years to continue work on previously announced school projects across Alberta, which includes $123 million for about 250 new modular classrooms to address the most urgent needs for additional space across the province. There are more than 60 projects underway in the province. Twenty-seven are expected to be open for the 2020-21 school year, and the remaining projects are in various stages of planning and construction.
The province will also provide $527 million to school divisions for plant operations and maintenance to support the day-to-day upkeep of school facilities. Additionally, $194 million will support the capital maintenance and renewal of existing school buildings through the Infrastructure Maintenance and Renewal Program.
“I am pleased that the government chose to make this announcement here in Calgary-North East. Students and families in my community will be relieved to hear that they will be getting the new high school we have needed for a long time. I’m proud that this critical funding was included in Budget 2019, as this was one of my first and most important motivations for why I wanted to represent Calgary-North East at the legislature.”
“On behalf of our students and the Calgary Board of Education, we would like to thank Minister LaGrange and Minister Panda for this important investment in school capital. We are pleased they chose to come to Calgary to make this provincial announcement and look forward to new CBE schools that will benefit students in north Calgary and in the growing community of Auburn Bay.”
The 25 capital projects are:
|Community||School Authority||Project Type/Name|
|*Beaumont||Conseil scolaire Centre Nord (Greater North Central Francophone Education Region)||new school (K-12)|
|*Blackfalds||Wolf Creek Public Schools||new high school (9-12)|
|Buffalo Head Prairie||Fort Vermilion School Division||Blue Hills Community School addition & modernization|
|Calgary – Auburn Bay||Calgary Board of Education||new elementary school (K-4)|
|Calgary – Auburn Bay||Calgary Board of Education||new middle school (5-9)|
|Calgary – north||Calgary Board of Education||new high school (10-12)|
|Carstairs||Chinook’s Edge School Division||Carstairs Elementary School addition|
|Cochrane||Calgary Catholic School District||new elementary/junior high school (K-9)|
|Condor & Leslieville||Wild Rose School Division||David Thompson solution modernization/replacement|
|*Edmonton – south east||Edmonton Public Schools||new high school (10-12)|
|Edmonton – Windermere-Keswick||Edmonton Public Schools||new elementary/junior high (K-9)|
|*Edmonton – Heritage Valley Town Centre||Edmonton Catholic Schools||new high school (10-12)|
|Edmonton – Windermere/Keswick||Edmonton Catholic Schools||new elementary/junior high (K-9)|
|*Fort Chipewyan||Northland School Division||Athabasca Delta School modernization/replacement|
|*Grande Prairie||Peace Wapiti School Division||Harry Balfour School replacement|
|*Langdon||Rocky View Schools||new junior/senior high school (7-12)|
|*Leduc||Black Gold School Division||new high school (10-12)|
|Legal||Conseil scolaire Centre Nord(Greater North Central Francophone Education Region)||new elementary/junior high school (K-9)|
|Morinville||Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools||Morinville Community High School CTS modernization|
|Morrin||Prairie Land School Division||Morrin School replacement|
|Peace River||Conseil Scolaire du Nord-Ouest(Northwest Francophone Education Region)||École des Quatre-Vents replacement|
|*Red Deer||Red Deer Catholic Regional Schools||new middle school (6-9)|
|Smoky Lake||Aspen View Public Schools||H.A. Kostash replacement|
|*St. Albert||St. Albert Public Schools||Bellerose Composite High School addition & modernization|
|Whitecourt||Living Waters Catholic Schools||new elementary school (K-3)|
Alberta paleontologists find dramatic change in bite force as tyrannosaurs matured
Tyrannosaurs are well known as having been ferocious predators at the top of the food chain millions of years ago, but a study led by an Alberta-based researcher shows the reptiles didn’t start out life that way.
François Therrien, curator of dinosaur paleoecology at the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Drumheller, Alta., said the study focused on tyrannosaur teeth and their dramatic change as they matured.
He collaborated with Darla Zelenitsky and Jared Voris of the University of Calgary, as well as Kohei Tanaka of the University of Tsukuba in Japan.
For the study, published this week in the Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, the researchers examined the lower jaws from the Albertosaurus and Gorgosaurus, types of tyrannosaurs commonly found in Canada that predated the T. rex by millions of years.
“Our fossil records for those two species of tyrannosaurs is excellent,” Therrien said about the collection at the museum.
“We have so many specimens of those … that represent a full growth series from very young individuals that were probably three or four years of age all the way to fully grown adults that were over 20 years of age.”
By examining a wide range of fossils, the researchers were able to see a significant change in tooth size and jaw force once the tyrannosaurs reached about 11 years of age.
Feeding behaviour did not appear to change during the lifespan of the tyrannosaurs, because their jaws were adapted to capturing and seizing prey with their mouths, probably because the forelimbs were too short to grasp food, Therrien said.
“Tyrannosaurs were truly unique when you look at all the theropods,” he said. “They were atypical … because their bite and their skulls were their main weapon for killing prey.”
But what did change, he said, is the size of their teeth and their bite force.
A tyrannosaur at about three years of age was still a deadly predator, but it had smaller blade-like teeth that could only slice through flesh. The bite force, Therrien added, was about 10 per cent that of a fully grown alligator.
That means younger tyrannosaurs ate smaller prey and had to compete with other like-sized predators such as the Velociraptor.
Once tyrannosaurs turned 11, Therrien explained, they went through a growth spurt in which their teeth became larger and wider. By the time the reptiles were fully grown, their bite force was eight times more than that of an alligator.
And that meant their diets also changed.
“These teeth were better adapted for resisting twisting stresses either associated with biting of big prey or even crushing bone.”
Therrien said his study shows that young tyrannosaurs were distinct predators that occupied different ecological niches.
“Young tyrannosaurs were not just scaled-down versions of the mature parents,” he said. “They were creatures that actually had their own lifestyles.”
This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 23, 2021.
Daniela Germano, The Canadian Press
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