Members of the Six Nations Police conduct a search for unmarked graves using ground-penetrating radar on the 500 acres of the lands associated with the former Indian Residential School, the Mohawk Institute, in Brantford, Ont., Tuesday, November 9, 2021. A panel of Indigenous experts says it will not participate in engagement sessions hosted by an international organization Ottawa hired to provide it with advice on identifying possible human remains in unmarked graves. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Nick Iwanyshyn
By Stephanie Taylor in Ottawa
A panel of Indigenous experts says it will not participate in an engagement campaign hosted by an international organization Ottawa hired to provide advice on identifying possible human remains in unmarked graves.
The National Advisory Committee on Residential Schools Missing Children and Unmarked Burials released a statement Monday saying that after giving the matter careful thought, it has decided against involvement in the process.
“While the (committee) is appreciative of a number of changes that have since been made to this agreement, we remain deeply concerned that such an important and sensitive process has been entrusted to a non-Indigenous organization with no prior history of working with residential school survivors,” the statement read.
The federal government and the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation — which serves as an archive for records from the former residential school system — announced the formation of the committee last July. It comprises elders as well as experts in forensics, ground-penetrating radar and archival records.
Months earlier, the Tk’emlups te Secwepemc Nation in British Columbia released ground-penetrating radar findings of what are believed to be more than 200 unmarked graves at the site of a former residential school, sparking widespread outcry.
Other First Nations across Western Canada have since announced similar discoveries, and last fall the federal government signed a contract with the Netherlands-based International Commission on Missing Persons to engage with communities on identifying possible remains.
The national advisory committee raised concerns about the agreement around the time it was announced, as did an outside official whom the federal government has appointed to serve as an independent interlocutor tasked with developing policy around how to better protect lands that are home to unmarked graves.
Issues have arisen about Ottawa tapping a non-Indigenous organization to speak to communities about options when it already has Indigenous experts and residential school survivors doing similar work.
The advisory committee says in its statement that it supports Indigenous families and communities seeking technical support from whichever organization they choose.
“However (the committee) feels strongly that a federal engagement process aimed at developing a common national strategy on DNA, identification, and repatriation for residential schools missing children must do more than simply employ Indigenous staff,” it read.
“It must be Indigenous-led and survivor-led to ensure that no further harm is done.”
The director-general of the missing persons commission told The Canadian Press in February she wants its work to be given a chance. Kathryne Bomberger said in an interview the body was first contacted by members of a Cree community as well as northern Manitoba NDP Niki Ashton, leading it to eventually submit a proposal to the federal government.
The organization previously worked in Canada to help identify the remains of those killed during the Lac-Megantic rail disaster in Quebec in 2013. Through its $2-million contract with Ottawa, Bomberger has said, the commission would provide Indigenous communities with possible options to identify remains believed to be in unmarked graves and report to Ottawa on what it has heard.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 29, 2023.
Northern Alberta chiefs declare emergency over mental health, addictions crisis
A tribal council representing five First Nations in northeast Alberta have declared a state of emergency over an escalating mental health and addictions crisis. Athabasca Tribal Council Grand Chief Allan Adam says 60 people from member communities have died since January from overdose, suicide or as a result of self harm. Adam speaks during a news conference on Wednesday, March 20, 2013 in Ottawa. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian Wyld
A tribal council representing five First Nations in northeastern Alberta have declared a state of emergency over what it calls an escalating mental health and addictions crisis.
Athabasca Tribal Council Grand Chief Allan Adam says 60 people from the communities have died since January from drug overdose, suicide or as a result of self-harm.
The council is calling on the federal government to enter immediate and sustainable funding agreements to develop ways to deal with generational and cultural trauma.
It says it would work to establish detox and treatment centres, health resources and support, a regional employment strategy and an Indigenous-led policing program.
Adam says they cannot rebuild communities and help them thrive without support from government and local industry.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 7, 2023.
‘We hit it hard’: Alberta First Nation’s war on drug trafficking reducing overdoses
Blood Tribe Police Service Const. Manasse Gabor stands outside of a boarded up house in Standoff, Alta., on Friday, Aug. 25, 2023.THE CANADIAN PRESS/Jeff McIntosh
By Bill Graveland in Standoff, Alberta
Plywood covers the doors and windows of several homes on the Blood Reserve, a vivid image of the southern Alberta First Nation’s life-and-death battle with drug traffickers.
The community 200 kilometres south of Calgary announced in April it was going to war against rampant opioid use on the reserve of 10,000 by setting up a special police team, and cleaning up and renovating many abandoned houses to shut down drug operations.
A beige bungalow in Standoff was one of the homes targeted by the drug squad. It’s been cleaned out. Only a child’s plastic toy space gun lay on the ground outside on a late August day.
“In this home, there were quite a few children and we did have information that fentanyl was being sold, and with fentanyl even just the dust from the product can cause health concerns,” says Const. Manasse Gabor, one of three officers from the Blood Tribe Police’s drug team.
“It’s heartbreaking. It’s one thing to commit a crime, but it’s another thing to involve children and use them as a cover or a shield to an extent.”
At another home 20 kilometres south in Moses Lake, a pile of garbage on the front porch included a single Nike women’s running shoe, a pair of blue jeans, a black toaster and a dozen mismatched seat cushions from chairs and sofas.
The sign on the front door from Blood Tribe Housing warns against trespassing or vandalism.
The clampdown appears to be working.
“We went from about 26 overdoses a month down to five or six after several major arrests,” Gabor says.
“Fentanyl is a lot less available right now. We hit it hard. It’s not going to go away overnight. If you close an eye to (drug dealers) for five minutes, they’re going to start again.”
Canada’s largest reserve has been hit hard by the opioid epidemic that has plagued many parts of the country. It started with fentanyl, an opioid up to 100 times more powerful than heroin, which is prescribed as a painkiller for terminal cancer patients.
Despite past measures, including states of emergency and banishing drug dealers, the problem appeared to be getting worse.
Blood Tribe Chief Roy Fox says desperate times required desperate measures, and that included investing $1.5 million of the First Nation’s own funds to fight the problem.
“Probably we’ll never be able to do away with it completely, but we want to bring those numbers down,” says Fox.
“Too many of our people have died, too many of our people are addicted to these bad drugs and we really want to key in on how we can prevent these illegal, harmful drugs from getting to the Blood Reserve.”
Investigators say in several cases, drug dealers from the reserve move in with older relatives or people with young families and set up shop.
Gabor stands in front of one house that authorities boarded up recently due to drug activity.
“It was an instance of dealers coming in and taking advantage of the homeowner and children in the house who were not so well off. So they would come in and provide them with the money and the drugs that they needed in order to have a place to sell.”
After police make arrests, the other people living in the homes are served with eviction notices.
“Evictions are usually handed out that same day. Then, of course, the homes are repurposed, renovated. There is a waiting list for families and other people who are needing homes, so they want to make sure that happens as quickly as possible,” says Insp. Rayan Najjar with the Blood Tribe Police.
He says some of the homes had been abandoned and taken over by squatters, but the vulnerable living in others are being taken advantage of.
Fox says so far six of the homes have been renovated, but another eight are beyond repair and have to be rebuilt.
“You can’t renovate some of them because of how they were contaminated by these drugs because it’s within the house. It’s embedded in the house,” Fox says.
Gabor says school-age children to the elderly have struggled with addiction in the community.
“Those who are dealing the drugs, quite frankly, don’t care about the deaths,” he says.
“Money speaks, so if they can make money and people are willing to pay for it, they’ll take your last $20.”
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 5, 2023.
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